New Insights on Tramadol and Immunomodulation


Purpose of Review. Opioids are administered to cancer patients although concerns have been raised that they may promote tumour growth or metastasis owing to their ability to suppress anti-cancer immunity. Tramadol has been reported to preserve or promote the immune response and may therefore be preferred to other opioids in cancer patients. We reviewed the literature documenting the immunomodulatory effects of tramadol.

Current Oncology Reports